It is tough to get married in La Belle Province, because they don’t have the same legal system as the rest of North America.
Quebec functions under the Quebec Civil Code… which is based on ancient French (as in France) Legal System… whereas the rest of North America is styled on a form of Law known as Common Law
Wikipedia – Quebec Law = http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quebec_law
So when it comes to something like getting married the process is much different than that found elsewhere in North America (never mind that legally Quebec will ALWAYS maintain your records under your Maiden Name, as they don’t allow couples to change their names when they marry. Might not be a huge issue as you are living in the USA, but whos to say it won’t be in the future ?)
Quebec Civil Law (Marriage / Civil Union) = http://www.etatcivil.gouv.qc.ca/en/marriage-civil-union.html
As mentioned by @kittyface: you have to apply in person and in advance, so the “Bans of Intent to Marry” can be published
Altho, I will be quick to say that La Belle Province is a fabulous place to Honeymoon (anywhere is fabulous.. but your choices of Montreal and more so Quebec City are excellent)
BUT … it really can be a hassle to marry there… particularly so if you aren’t a resident (and even that can be a hassle… lol, probably one of the reasons that so few people in Quebec marry any more !! Highest rate of Common Law Relationships in all of NA)
My best advice…
Get married elsewhere. Be it in your home state, or if driving one along the way… (Ontario is easier than Quebec if you are headed this way, and want to be married in Canada)
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PS… BOTH Montreal and Quebec City are awesome for a Honeymoon. QC is particularly romantic, a bit of Europe right here in NA. Lots to see and do, plan on at least 3 days… or more than half your time if you plan to divide up between Montreal & Quebec City.
I love Montreal but it is in reality just another large NA City. Quebec City is very very different. Being that it is summertime you might want to think about a Honeymoon that concentrates on Old Quebec as well as some of the Lower St Lawrence River… Ile d’Orleans – Montmorency Falls – Charlevoix Region – the Saguenay-St Lawrence Marine Park (where the Whales gather) etc.
Here are some great links to get you started:
Tourism Quebec (Province) = http://www.bonjourquebec.com
Tourism Quebec (City & Region) = http://www.quebecregion.com
Tourism Charlevoix = http://www.tourisme-charlevoix.com/en/
Parks Canada – Saguenay-St Lawrence Marine Park = http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/amnc-nmca/qc/saguenay/index.aspx